History & Location

History & Location Firozabad City, Uttar Pradesh, India

The ancient name of this town was Chandwar nager,The name Firozabad was given in the regime of Akbar by Faraz Shah Mansab Dar in 1566. It is said that Raja Todarmal was passing through this town, on a pilgrimage to Gaya. He was looted by robbers. At his request, Akbar, sent his Mansab Dar Faraz Shah here. He landed near or about Datauji, Rasoolpur, Mohammadpur Gajmalpur, Sukhmalpur Nizamabad, Prempur Raipura. The tomb of Firoz Shah and ruins of Katra Pathan are the evidences of this fact.

Mr. Peter, a businessman working for the Dutch East India Company visited Firazabad on 9 August 1632 and found the town in good condition. It is written in the gazetteer of Agra and Mathura that in 1596 Faraz was upgraded to a pargana. Faraz was bestowed to Nawab Sadulla as jagir, in the regime of Shahjahan. Jahangir ruled here from 1605 to 1627. Etawah, Budaun, Mainpuri, Faraz were under first class mansabdar of emperor Farrukhsiar. Bajirao peshwa looted Firozabad and Etmadpur in 1737 in the regime of Mohammad Shah. Jats of Mahawan attacked Faujdar Hakim Kajim at Firozabad and killed him on 9 May 1739. Jats ruled Firozabad for 30 years. Gajuddin, Hidayat Vaksh son of Alamgir [disambiguation needed] second his nephew and Mirza baba the son in law, came to Firozabad. Mirza Nabab Khan stayed here till 1782. In the end of 18th century, Firozabad was ruled by Himmat Bahadur Gusain with cooperation of Marathas. The French Army chief of Marathas, D. Wayan, established an ordnance factory in November 1794. Mr. Thomas Traving also mentioned this fact in his book Travels in India. Marathas appointed his subedar Lakwadads here who made a fort near old tehsil, known at present as garie.

General Lek and General Vellajally attacked Firozabad in 1802. In the beginning of British regime Firozabad was in Etawah district but after some time it was attached to Aligarh district. When Sadabad was created a new district in 1832, Firozabad was attached to it. Later on, in 1833 Firozabad was attached to Agra. In 1847, the business of lac was flourishing at Firozabad.

In 1857, Chauhans of Mainpuri, Jamidar of Chandwar with local Mallahs took active parts in freedom struggle. Famous Urdu poet Munir Shikohabadi too was sentenced to Kala pani by the British East India Company government. People of this city took part in “Khilafat Movement”, “Quit India Movement”, and “Namak Satyagrah” and went to the jail during these national movements. In 1929, Father of Nation Mahatama Gandhi, in 1935 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, in 1937 Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and in 1940 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose visited Firozabad. Firozabad district was finally established on 5 February 1989.

The District is connected by rail and bus to major cities . The nearest Airport is Agra . Longitude is 78 degree of east and latitude is 27 degree of north . The height is above mean sea level 164.467 meter .
The boundaries of district touch Etah district in north and Mainpuri and Etawah in east. The Yamuna river makes its southern boundary. The area of district is about 0.8% of total area of U.P. and population is 1.1% of total population of U.P. Aproximately 73.6% population is living in rural area. It has severe winter and summer seasons. Mostly district is plane and its slope is from north west to south.

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